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Protect yourselves with personal protective equipment

Every year, many construction workers are seriously injured at work. Therefore, when working on a construction site, it is important you always focus on safety, and that you protect yourselves correctly. If work cannot be planned, organised or carried out safely in other ways you can wear personal protective equipment.

The employer is responsible for providing the necessary protective equipment and for ensuring that employees use the equipment. The employer is also responsible for informing employees about the danger of not wearing protective equipment and for instructing employees in how to use, clean and store the equipment.

Personal protective equipment must be suitable for the work being performed and bear the CE marking. Choose and maintain the equipment so that it provides optimal protection, and ensure that the equipment has instructions for use. If personal protective equipment is needed at the workplace, this must always be indicated with signs.

Read below about how to protect yourselves with personal protective equipment.

Respiratory protective equipment – use the right filter

Particle filters:

Particle filter class P1 protects against dust to a limited extent - not against asbestos and silica dust.
Particle filter class P2 protects against harmful dust - including against asbestos and silica dust as well as liquid aerosols.
Particle filter class P3 protects like class P2 and additionally against bacteria and

Gas filters:

Type A protects against mineral turpentine, toluene, xylene and other organic solvents with a boiling point of at least 65°C.
Type B protects against, e.g. chlorine and cyanohydrates.
Type E protects against, e.g. sulphur dioxide.
Type K protects against, e.g. ammonia.

When do you need to use protective equipment?


Wear a helmet where there is a risk of being hit by objects, material or tools, and where there is a risk of being crushed.


Fall protection

Wear fall protection where collective safety arrangements, such as railings, are not possible. Fall protection equipment can be used for short-term roof work lasting up to about 4 hours. Note that fall prevention equipment is safer than fall arrest equipment.


Ear defenders

Wear ear defenders when exposed to hearingdamaging noise exceeding 85 dB(A).



Wear reflective clothing when working in areas with traffic.


Eye protection or visor

Wear eye protection when work involves a risk to the eyes, and wear a visor if you need to protect your entire face. For example, where there is a risk of flying particles and dust or spatter from corrosive gases or exposure to harmful radiation in connection with welding. 


Protective footwear

Wear protective footwear if objects can fall on your feet.

Protective footwear should have protective soles when there is a risk of treading on sharp or pointed objects.


Respiratory protective equipment

Wear respiratory protective equipment, e.g. when there is a risk of inhaling dust, smoke, gases or vapours during work.

Remember to use the correct particle and gas filter.


Read more about the regulations

Note that we have only highlighted the most important regulations on use of personal protective equipment. Learn more about the regulations in the WEA Guidelines and Executive Order as well as the MANUAL – Working Environment for Building and Construction prepared by the Sector Council on OSH in the building and construction industry.

Ear defenders, WEA Guidelines, 2009 (in Danish)
Helmets, WEA Guidelines, 2007 (in Danish)
Reflective clothing, WEA Guidelines, 2015 (in Danish)
Protective footwear, WEA Guidelines, 2007 (in Danish)
Fall protection, WEA Guidelines, 2007 (in Danish)
Manual: Working Environment for Building and Construction (BFA Bygge & Anlæg)

Any questions?

 Contact Arbejdstilsynet
The Danish Working Environment Authority (WEA)

Phone hours
Monday - Thursday: 8 - 15
Friday: 8 - 14

+45 70 12 12 88
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